Diabetic Retinopathy: Tips for Optimal Recovery after Your Cataract Surgery

Posted on: 27 December 2019

Cataract surgery is a beneficial procedure for restoring good vision and correcting visual disorders. However, for people with diabetic retinopathy, this procedure can be a little more complicated. In simple terms, when the eyes are affected by a diabetic eye disease, surgical work could stress the organ. Also, complications such as macular oedema, sight deterioration and progressive retinopathy could occur. Therefore, if you are planning on going through this procedure, you must consult an experienced surgeon. In addition, consider using these outlined tips for optimal recovery. 

Use the Prescribed Drugs

Your cataract surgeon will prescribe medication after the procedure. It is essential for you to use the drugs to promote proper healing and prevent post-operative complications. For instance, the surgeon may prescribe NSAIDs or topical steroids. These drugs control the inflammation of tissues. They may also have an effect in mitigating macular oedema. You must use all drugs for the recommended period. Typically, the doctor will evaluate the optical condition before making a decision.

Control Blood Glucose

It is important to keep your blood glucose levels controlled during the recovery period after the cataract surgery. Unstable glucose levels can be detrimental to the healing process. In addition, some complications such as persistent inflammation and capsular opacification are more common in patients with diabetes after this type of procedure. Therefore, you must not neglect proper practices for managing the systemic condition.

Minimise Physical Activity

Exercise is essential for good health, but physical activity can mitigate quick recovery after cataract surgery in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Therefore, you should make appropriate plans for adequate rest after your operation. Ideally, you should avoid any movement which could put strain or pressure on your eyes. For instance, activities involving bending will exert high pressure on the delicate eyes. Sneezing and vomiting are also strenuous. So, if at all possible, protect yourself from situations which can lead to these problems.

Protect Your Eyes

Finally, you should protect your eyes during the recovery period by preventing contact with harmful substances. Foreign materials in the eyes will increase the risk of an infection. Infections combined with the retinopathy will cause further decline in eye health. In general, do not expose your eyes to any form of irritants. These include dust, wind and dirt. You can avoid places with irritants or wear protective glasses. You must also avoid significant water contact due to swimming or resting in a hot tub. In addition, do not damage your vulnerable eyes by rubbing. 

To learn more about diabetic retinopathy, consult with a medical professional. 

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